The country’s retail inflation likely hovered near a six-month low in October as higher food and fuel prices were offset by an overall favourable comparison with prices one year ago, leaving the central bank room for now to leave interest rates steady.
The median forecast from Reuters poll of 43 economists taken Nov. 8-9 predicted inflation as measured by the consumer price index (CPI) edged down to 4.32 per cent from 4.35 per cent in September.
If realised, it would mark the fourth consecutive month inflation has been within the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) tolerance band of two per cent-six per cent. The report will be released on Nov. 12.
There were a few estimates in the poll below the RBI’s medium-term target of four per cent, with a range of 3.42 per cent-five per cent.
“Favourable base effects likely kept headline CPI inflation subdued in October in annual terms, although this masks a sequential rise in consumer prices,” noted Sanjay Mathur, chief economist, Southeast Asia and India at ANZ.
“Food prices likely edged higher, led by those of fresh produce. Rising global oil prices also saw a faster pass-through to domestic fuel and transportation costs.”
Vegetable prices, especially key ingredients in Indian cooking like onions and tomatoes, rose sharply after unseasonal rains damaged produce last month. Global oil prices rallied during the month, which pushed up petrol prices.
But poll respondents again highlighted inflation was subdued mainly because of comparisons with a stronger period one year ago, and the current mild trend is expected to continue only for a few more months.
Still, the October inflation data will be the last before the RBI’s rate-setting panel meets Dec. 6-8, where it is widely expected to leave the repo rate unchanged at four per cent.
The RBI is expected to first raise its reverse repo rate by 25 basis points in January-March, followed by a 25 basis point rise in the repo rate to 4.25 per cent in the April-June quarter, according to a separate Reuters poll.
“India’s inflation situation is much more favourable than its peers with inflationary risks rising elsewhere,” said Sakshi Gupta, senior economist at HDFC Bank.
“This trend is likely to continue for the next two months, supported by a favourable base, the recent reduction in excise duties, and some moderation in the global energy crisis recently.”
The latest Reuters poll also forecast India’s industrial output rose 4.8 per cent in September compared with 11.9 per cent in August.